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Abstract Details for Assessing Disability Inclusion Climate in the Workplace

This Research Summary highlights key findings from "Assessing disability inclusion climate in the workplace: A brief report" and how to put it into practice. Findings include: - Employment participation rate of people with disabilities is three times lower than those without disabilities. - Much of these outcomes may be attributed to stigma held by employers and their organizations toward people with disabilities. - Demand-side employment interventions are being developed and evaluated to help diminish this stigma and optimize employment outcomes for people with disabilities. - In order to understand the effectiveness of these interventions, there needs to be a standardized, psychometrically validated instrument to compare pre-intervention outcomes, with post-intervention outcomes- which this article aimed to develop and validate. - The instrument was administered to 138 human resource managers, department managers, and project managers in the Midwest region of the United States to measure their organization’s disability inclusion, and another survey was also administered to assess the employers’ stigmatizing attitudes towards those with disabilities (The Employers’ Stigmatizing Attitudes toward People with Disabilities Scale). - Exploratory factor analysis results indicated a two-factor measurement structure: disability inclusion preparedness (Cronbach’s alpha .72); and disability inclusion climate (Cronbach’s alpha .67). These factors were found to be significantly associated with lower levels of employers’ stigmatizing attitudes toward people with disabilities in the workplace. - The Abbreviated Disability Inclusion Scale is a brief, 6- item questionnaire that can quickly be completed by employers and key hiring decision-makers to gauge their disability inclusion preparedness and general disability inclusion climate, as a means to assess the effectiveness of demand-side interventions aimed at improving employment outcomes for people with disabilities.