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Abstract Details for Module 8: Vocational Guidance and Counseling

Just as counseling theory guides counseling practice, theories of career counseling guide the practice of providing career counseling. Since one of the primary tasks of the vocational rehabilitation counselor is to assist consumers in identifying, exploring, and seeking jobs in areas that match the consumers’ interests, abilities, values, and choices, it is critical for counselors to have a framework for understanding the career needs and concerns of persons with disabilities. Furthermore, the various theories of career development provide ways of understanding individual career development in the context of the life cycle, identifying personal traits and characteristics needed for various occupations, and matching individual characteristics and abilities with appropriate career choices.